Maccast Members Show #164 - Prepare for OS X Mavericks
V Do you have the right stuff?
V Check the system requirements
V We never know for sure until Apple announce it, but the "Gold Master" was pushed to developers and here's what it requires:
* The general rule will likely be almost any Mac that can run OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion should be able to run Mavericks.
* The key is that you have a 64-bit Intel processor and a 64-bit implementation of the EFI firmware, and an "advanced" GPU.
V Specifically:
* iMac (Mid 2007 or newer)
* MacBook (Late 2008 Aluminum, or Early 2009 or newer)
* MacBook Pro (Mid/Late 2007 or newer)
* Xserve (Early 2009)
* MacBook Air (Late 2008 or newer)
* Mac mini (Early 2009 or newer)
* Mac Pro (Early 2008 or newer)
* OS X Mavericks will run on a machine with just 2GB of RAM, but you'll likely want at least 4GB and more if you have it.
* 2 GB of RAM
V At least 8GB of available space to do the upgrade. A clean install of OS X Mavericks takes up a bit less than 10 GB of drive space.
* So you likely will want at least 10GB and probably more.
* Mac OS X 10.6.8 or greater installed
V How to check your specs
V Click the 'Apple' menu and choose 'About this Mac'
* Then click the 'More info…' button
* Check version, processor, and memory
* Use the tabs to jump to the different sections
* MacTracker is another great app for getting specs
V While 2 GB is the minimum for RAM, consider an upgrade to at least 4GB
* 4 GB upgrade kits starting around $45-60 USD depending on model.
* Crucial
* Other World Computing
V Probably want more headroom than 8GB of space for install, 20GB would be a lot more comfortable.
* OWC is a good place too if you need a new hard drive
V Prepare the deck for launch
V Free up disk space
* Do a review of your Applications folder, Preference Panes, menubar items, login items, etc.
* Do you really need all that crud?
V Finding large files
V Use Spotlight
* In Finder select your drive from the 'Devices'
* Choose File-->Find from the menu (Command+F)
* Next to 'Search:' select the drive instead of 'This Mac'
* From the search parameters drop down choose 'Other;' and then find and select 'Size' and click OK
* Set the options to 'Size' 'Greater than' and then set the value to find the larger files (say 100 - 500 MB or greater)
* Select an item and check the path at the bottom of the window to see it's location (View-->Show Path Bar)
* PathFinder
* Daisy Disk
* Omni DiskSweeper
* Grand Perspective
* WhatSize
V Other places to look
* ~/Documents, are there things in here you could archive and clean off. Move to a NAS drive, external drives, or put onto a USB disk, or burn to DVDs. Don't forget to make multiple copies or archives and keep one set off-site for really important files.
* ~/Downloads and ~/Library/ Mail Downloads
* /Library, /Library/Application Support, ~/Library, and ~/Library/Application Support, look for folder names matching applications you no longer have installed, and delete them.
V For cleaning up apps, you might consider a uninstall utility
* AppZapper is one of my favorites
* CleanApp
* CleanMyMac2
* Hazel
V Update your stuff
V Run software update on your current system and make sure your OS and Apple apps are up to date
* Launch the "App Store" from the Applications folder
* Go to the "Updates" tab and choose "Update All"
* Update your 3rd party apps, etc.
V Updating your Apps
* I have a copy of AppFresh that seems to still work and can show 'Last Used'.
V RoaringApps has a community updated list and they are starting to add OS X Mavericks apps.
* This time around if you've been running Mountain Lion then you should probably be OK with most of your apps.
V Check and prep your drive
* Run Disk Utility and make sure there are no errors
V Could also use 3rd party tools to check
* Drive Genius
* Tech Tool Pro
V If there are issues detected with your drive
* See if you repair them
* For more serious issues you could try a tool like Disk Warrior
V Consider maybe replacing the drive. Not a bad idea if the drive is more than 3 years old.
* Note that most drive fail at either end of their life, so a new drive can also fail. That's why we backup.
V I also like to run maintenance like clearing the cache, rotating log files, etc.
V Backup, backup, backup
V You should have at lest one (likely two) full backups of your current set-up.
* You'll probably want at least one of those to be bootable.
* Time Machine counts
* Super Duper
* Carbon Copy Cloner
V Verify your backup
* Can you boot from it?
* Can you copy and read files off it.
* Confirm you can restore files form your Time Machine
V Disable whole disk encryption
* If you use File Vault or other whole disk encryption you'll want to turn it off before upgrading.
* You can turn it back on after you've installed the OS X Mavericks upgrade.
V Bring home your new kitty
V Purchased via the Mac App Store
* If pricing stays the same as Mountain Lion expect: $19.99 USD (10 computers). Additional $19.99 for OS X Server Utilities.
* Must have at least Snow Leopard installed.
V The download will be 4GB, so be prepared if you are on a slow connection
* May want to borrow a faster connection, get on public wi-fi to do the download.
V Other things to know
V Key new features
V iBooks is finally on the desktop
* it's own app
* Buy and download books
* Sync's with iBooks in the cloud.
* Supports iBooks Author titles
* Open multiple books at once
V Maps for OS X
* Supports Flyovers
* Local searching with Yelp info and reviews
* Built into Mail, Contacts, and Calendar
* Send to iOS feature
* Calendar has been completely redesigned
V iCloud Keychain
* It's expected that will be updated on iOS 7 when Mavericks is released.
V Better multiple display support
* Full screen apps on different screens
* Menubar and dock on both screens
* AirPlay display, not just mirroring
V Notifications
* Interactive, you can respond to an email, iMessage, or FaceTime call from the notification
* Web notifications
* Lock screen notification summary
V Finder tabs and tags
* Search by tags
* Create smart folders
* Tags work in apps and in iCloud
V Advanced enhancements
* Timer Coalescing groups low-level operations together, creating tiny periods of idle time that allow your CPU to enter a low-power state more often.
* App Nap, when not the focus conserves battery life by slowing the app down. Safari has a 'Power Save' that does the same thing, but for background tabs.
* Compressed memory, allows you to do more with less RAM. Still the more the better.
* Basically mavericks should run quicker and offer better battery life on most systems.