Maccast Members 2011.05.31 - Special Characters
* Beyond the standard characters in OS X there are many symbols, greek letters, math symbols, and dingbats you can type, but it can be confusing on how to actually type them.
* OS X has some built in tools that can help.
* We can also learn some keyboard shortcuts for the more common ones we might need.
V Accented characters
* Or diacritical marks. Marks that appear above or below a letter, or in some other position and indicate which sound to give to a letter unit
V Use the option key and the press the key for the mark you want to use, then type the character you want the mark on
* Option+e will give you an accent mark
* Option+i a circumflex mark
* Option+n a tilde
* Option+u a trema (umlaut)
* Option + ` a grave mark
V More 'options'
* It can be hard to remember what marks are hidden behind what keys on the keyboard
* You can enable the Keyboard viewer to help.
* System Preferences --> Language & Text --> Input Sources tab
* Check on the Keyboard & Character Viewer. Adds a menubar item
* Click that and select Show Keyboard Viewer.
* Hold the option key down and you'll see the diacritical mark keys highlighted in orange
* You also notice the keys change to show other common symbols and characters you may use on a regular basis
V Some common ones I find useful:
* These will vary based on your language settings, but of r my US keyboard.
* Ellipsis: Option + ;
* Bullet: Option + 8
* Cents: Option + 4 (Option+ 3 for £ and Option+Shift+2 for Euro)
* "Smart quotes": Option+[ and Option+Shift+[ (double) and Option+] and Option+Shift+] (single)
* Option+2 for trademark and Option+G for copyright.
* Option+Shift+8 or Option+k for degrees
* Option+Shift+K for the Apple logo.
V Math symbols too
* Option+= for "not equal"
* Option+< or Option+> for less than or equal and greater than and equal
* Option+v for square root and Option+5 for infinity
V Symbols galore
* Using the 'Character Viewer' you can gain access to just about every symbol, character, and dingbat under the sun
* Once you enabled the menu bar item as described before just choose "Show Character Viewer' to display the palette
* They are divided into categories like Math, Arrows, currency symbols, miscellaneous, etc.
* It will also show you font collections containing those symbols.
V With the insertion point in your document you can double-click the character from the viewer to insert it into your document
* You can also drag the character from the palette or click the 'Insert' button at the bottom.
* Clicking the 'Cog' options icon at the lower left you can build out the 'Favorites' tab with common characters you may use.
V If you don't like having the Keyboard & Character viewer in the menu bar you can also access the Character Viewer via the 'Edit' menu in most applications
* Edit-->Show Special Characters…
V Using OS X's text replacement
* System Preferences --> Language & Text --> Text tab
* Turn on Symbol and text substitution by checking the ones you want in the list.
* Typing '( c )' will substitute the copyright symbol. 1/4 can substitute the quarter symbol. Does seem to work in all apps.
* This tab also lets you change the default settings for smart quote replacement.
V Software to help
* Text Expander accented character clipping group. Automatically add the right marks for "crème brûlée"
* PopChar X offers a more advanced version of Apple's built in Character Viewer Palette
V In iOS
V Several enhancements you can turn on to make typing quicker in iOS
* Settings-->General-->Keyboard
* Turn on "Auto-capitalization", "Auto-correction", "Check spelling", "Enable Caps Lock" and "'.' Shortcut.
* Cap Locks allows you to double-tap the shift key to enable a caps lock
* The "." shortcut allows you to double tap the spacebar to quickly insert a period and space.
* Auto-correct will automatically add punctuation to words like "can't"
V Shortcuts
V Several keys have alternate characters.
* Click and hold on a key to see it's alternate options.
* Slide your finger up to choose the character you want and then release.
* Slide finger off a key to cancel typing it.
* Some have defaults you can access by simply flicking upward on the key. Exclamation --> single quote, Question mark --> Double-quotes.
V Dot com
* In Safari holding the .com key will offer alternative endings. In Mail addresses it's the "." key.
* .net, .edu, .org, .us
V Emoji
* The Japanese iOS has support for more expressive graphical icons called 'Emoji'
* You can find apps to enable tis on the App Store. Launch the app can reboot the device
* General-->Keyboards-->International. Add Keyboard and select 'Emoji'
* Now you will have a 'globe' icon on the keyboard
* Tap the globe to toggle to the 'Emoji' keyboard
* Systems will need to have support for the Emoji unicode font to see that characters.
* Supposedly OS X 10.7 Lion has Apple's Emoji font support in Font Book